CHAPTER 125, ARTICLE XV ALTERNATIVE ENERGY:
§ 125-110 ELECTRIC VEHICLE SUPPLY EQUIPMENT
§ 125-110: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Regulations
A. Purpose and Intent
The Purpose and Intent of this Article is to set forth the Town of Brutus statutory requirements regarding the establishment, siting, and operation of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment in order to protect the public health, safety, and welfare of the residents of Brutus, to facilitate access to Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment, and to protect and promote the visual and aesthetic character of the Town.
For purposes of this chapter, and where not inconsistent with the context of a particular section, the defined terms, phrases, words, abbreviations, and their derivations shall have the meaning given in this section. When not inconsistent with the context, words in the present tense include the future tense, words used in the plural number include words in the singular number, and words in the singular number include the plural number. The word "shall" is always mandatory, and not merely directory.
Electric Vehicle Charging Station - Restricted Use
An electric vehicle charging station that is (1) privately owned and restricted access (e.g., single-family home, designated employee parking) or (2) publicly owned and restricted (e.g., fleet parking with no access to the general public).
Electric Vehicle Charging Station - Public Use
An electric vehicle charging station that is (1) publicly owned and publicly available (e.g., on-street parking and village-owned parking facilities) or (2) privately owned and publicly available (e.g., gasoline station parking, non-reserved parking in multi-family parking lots).
Electric Vehicle Charging Level
The standardized indicators of electrical force, or voltage, at which an electric vehicle's battery is recharged; more specifically defined as the following:
(1) Level 1 is considered slow charging, typically requiring a 15 or 20 amp breaker on a 120-volt AC circuit and standard outlet.
(2) Level 2 is considered medium charging, typically requiring a 40 amp to 100 amp breaker on a 240-volt circuit.
(3) Level 3, or DC Fast Charge, is considered rapid charging, typically requiring a 60 amp or higher dedicated breaker on a 480-volt or higher three-phase circuit with special grounding equipment. DC Fast Charging uses an off-board charger to provide the AC to DC conversion, delivering AC directly to the car battery.
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)
The conductors, including the ungrounded, grounded, and equipment grounding conductors and the electric vehicle conductors, attachment plugs, and all other fittings, devices, power outlets, or apparatus installed specifically for purposes of delivering energy from the premises wiring to the electric vehicle.
C. Permitted Locations
(1) Level 1 and Level 2 charging stations are permitted in every zoning district, when accessory to the primary permitted use. Level 2 charging stations shall be subject to building permit approval.
(2) Level 3, or DC Fast Charge, charging stations are permitted by right in the following zoning districts when accessory to the permitted use:
(a) Commercial-Light Industrial District (C-I)
(b) Commercial District (C)
(c) Industrial District (I)
Installation thereof shall be subject to building permit approval.
(3) Level 3, or DC Fast Charge, charging stations are permitted by special permit in the following zoning district when accessory to the permitted use:
(a) Agricultural-Residential District (A-R)
(b) Riverfront District (R-F)
(c) Special Development District (S-D)
(4) If the primary use of a parcel is the retail charging of electric vehicle batteries, then the use shall be considered a Gasoline Service Station for zoning purposes. Installation of charging stations shall be located in zoning districts that permit Gasoline Service Stations and shall be subject to all regulations that apply to Gasoline Service Stations.
D. Design Standards and Other Criteria for Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment
(1) Electric Vehicle Charging Station - Restricted Use.
(a) Electric Vehicle charging stations shall be located in a manner that will not allow public access to the charging station.
(2) Electric Vehicle Charging Station - Public Use.
(a) Electric Vehicle parking and charging stations shall be equal to parking space size and performance standards as provided in Section § 125-32 of the Town Zoning Code. The installation of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment shall not reduce the electric vehicle parking space length to below off-street parking space size and standards required under Section § 125.32.
(b) Installation of EVSE shall meet National Electric Code Article 625.
(c) Charging station outlets and connectors shall be no less than 36 inches and no higher than 48 inches from the surface where mounted.
(d) Adequate electric vehicle charging station protection, such as concrete-filled steel bollards, shall be installed. Curbing may be used in lieu of bollards, if the charging station is setback a minimum of 24 inches from the face of the curb.
(e) Adequate site lighting should be provided unless charging is for daytime purposes only.
(f) If time limits or vehicle removal provisions are to be applied, regulatory signage including parking restrictions, hours and days of operation, towing, and contact information shall be installed immediately adjacent to, and visible from, the electric vehicle charging station.
(g) When EVSE is placed in a sidewalk or adjacent to a walkway, it shall not interfere with the minimum pedestrian clearance widths as defined in Chapter 11 of the New York State Building Code: Accessibility. Cords, cables, and connector equipment shall not extend across the path of travel within a sidewalk or walkway.